Normal Lab Values Reference Table

U.S. traditional units are followed in parentheses by equivalent values expressed in S.I. units.

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Hematology

Absolute neutrophil count
    Male — 1780-5380/µL (1.78-5.38 x 109/L)
    Female — 1560-6130/µL (1.56-6.13 x 109/L)
Activated partial thromboplastin time — 25-35 s
Bleeding time — less than 10 min
Erythrocyte count — 4.2-5.9 x 106/µL (4.2-5.9 x 1012/L)
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
    Male — 0-15 mm/h
    Female — 0-20 mm/h
Erythropoietin — less than 30 mU/mL (30 units/L)
D-Dimer — less than 0.5 µg/mL (0.5 mg/L)
Ferritin, serum — 15-200 ng/mL (15-200 µg/L) 
Haptoglobin, serum — 50-150 mg/dL (500-1500 mg/L)
Hematocrit 
    Male — 41%-51%
    Female — 36%-47%
Hemoglobin, blood
    Male — 14-17 g/dL (140-170 g/L)
    Female — 12-16 g/dL (120-160 g/L)
Leukocyte alkaline phosphatase — 15-40 mg of phosphorus liberated/h per 1010 cells; score = 13-130/100 polymorphonuclear neutrophils and band forms
Leukocyte count — 4000-10,000/µL (4.0-10 x 109/L)
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin — 28-32 pg
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration — 32-36 g/dL (320-360 g/L)
Mean corpuscular volume — 80-100 fL
Platelet count — 150,000-350,000/µL (150-350 x 109/L)
Prothrombin time — 11-13 s
Reticulocyte count — 0.5%-1.5% of erythrocytes; absolute: 23,000-90,000/µL (23-90 x 109/L)

Blood, Plasma, and Serum Chemistry Studies

Albumin, serum — 3.5-5.5 g/dL (35-55 g/L) 
Alkaline phosphatase, serum — 36-92 units/L
α-Fetoprotein, serum — 0-20 ng/mL (0-20 µg/L)
Aminotransferase, alanine (ALT) — 0-35 units/L
Aminotransferase, aspartate (AST) — 0-35 units/L
Ammonia, plasma — 40-80 µg/dL (23-47 µmol/L)
Amylase, serum — 0-130 units/L
Bicarbonate, serum — 23-28 meq/L (23-28 mmol/L)
Bilirubin, serum
     Total — 0.3-1.2 mg/dL (5.1-20.5 µmol/L)
     Direct — 0-0.3 mg/dL (0-5.1 µmol/L)
Blood gases, arterial (ambient air) 
     pH — 7.38-7.44 
     Pco2 — 35-45 mm Hg (4.7-6.0 kPa)
     Po2 — 80-100 mm Hg (10.6-13.3 kPa)
     Oxygen saturation — 95% or greater
Blood urea nitrogen — 8-20 mg/dL (2.9-7.1 mmol/L)
C-reactive protein — 0.0-0.8 mg/dL (0.0-8.0 mg/L)
Calcium, serum — 9-10.5 mg/dL (2.2-2.6 mmol/L)
Carbon dioxide, serum — See Bicarbonate
Chloride, serum — 98-106 meq/L (98-106 mmol/L)
Cholesterol, plasma
     Total — 150-199 mg/dL (3.88-5.15 mmol/L), desirable 
     Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) — less than or equal to 130 mg/dL (3.36 mmol/L), desirable
     High-density lipoprotein (HDL) — greater than or equal to 40 mg/dL (1.04 mmol/L), desirable
Complement, serum
     C3 — 55-120 mg/dL (550-1200 mg/L)
     Total (CH50) — 37-55 U/mL (37-55 kU/L)
Creatine kinase, serum — 30-170 units/L
Creatinine, serum — 0.7-1.3 mg/dL (61.9-115 µmol/L)
Electrolytes, serum
     Sodium — 136-145 meq/L (136-145 mmol/L)
     Potassium — 3.5-5.0 meq/L (3.5-5.0 mmol/L)
     Chloride — 98-106 meq/L (98-106 mmol/L)
     Bicarbonate — 23-28 meq/L (23-28 mmol/L)
Fibrinogen, plasma — 150-350 mg/dL (1.5-3.5 g/L)
Folate, red cell — 160-855 ng/mL (362-1937 nmol/L)
Folate, serum — 2.5-20 ng/mL (5.7-45.3 nmol/L)
Glucose, plasma — fasting, 70-100 mg/dL (3.9-5.6 mmol/L) 
γ-Glutamyltransferase, serum — 0-30 units/L 
Homocysteine, plasma
     Male — 0.54-2.16 mg/L (4-16 µmol/L)
     Female — 0.41-1.89 mg/L (3-14 µmol/L)
Immunoglobulins
     Globulins, total — 2.5-3.5 g/dL (25-35 g/L)
           IgG — 640-1430 mg/dL (6.4-14.3 g/L)
           IgA — 70-300 mg/dL (0.7-3.0 g/L)
           IgM — 20-140 mg/dL (0.2-1.4 g/L)
           IgD — less than 8 mg/dL (80 mg/L)
           IgE — 0.01-0.04 mg/dL (0.1-0.4 mg/L)
Iron studies
      Ferritin, serum — 15-200 ng/mL (15-200 µg/L)
      Iron, serum — 60-160 µg/dL (11-29 µmol/L)
      Iron-binding capacity, total, serum — 250-460 µg/dL (45-82 µmol/L) 
      Transferrin saturation — 20%-50%
Lactate dehydrogenase, serum — 60-100 units/L
Lactic acid, venous blood — 6-16 mg/dL (0.67-1.8 mmol/L)
Lipase, serum — less than 95 units/L
Magnesium, serum — 1.5-2.4 mg/dL (0.62-0.99 mmol/L)
Methylmalonic acid, serum — 150-370 nmol/L 
Osmolality, plasma — 275-295 mosm/kg H2O
Phosphatase, alkaline, serum — 36-92 units/L
Phosphorus, serum — 3-4.5 mg/dL (0.97-1.45 mmol/L)
Potassium, serum — 3.5-5.0 meq/L (3.5-5.0 mmol/L)
Prostate-specific antigen, serum – less than 4 ng/mL
     (4 µg/L)
Protein, serum
     Total — 6.0-7.8 g/dL (60-78 g/L)
     Albumin — 3.5-5.5 g/dL (35-55 g/L)
     Globulins, total — 2.5-3.5 g/dL (25-35 g/L)
Rheumatoid factor — less than 40 U/mL (40 kU/L)
Sodium, serum — 136-145 meq/L (136-145 mmol/L)
Transferrin saturation — 20%-50% 
Triglycerides — less than 150 mg/dL (1.69 mmol/L), desirable 
Troponins, serum
     Troponin I — 0-0.5 ng/mL (0-0.5 µg/L)
     Troponin T — 0-0.10 ng/mL (0-0.10 µg/L)
Urea nitrogen, blood — 8-20 mg/dL (2.9-7.1 mmol/L)
Uric acid, serum — 2.5-8 mg/dL (0.15-0.47 mmol/L)
Vitamin B12, serum — 200-800 pg/mL (148-590 pmol/L)

Endocrine

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), serum — 9-52 pg/mL (2-11 pmol/L)
Aldosterone, serum
     Supine — 2-5 ng/dL (55-138 pmol/L)
     Standing — 7-20 ng/dL (194-554 pmol/L)
Aldosterone, urine — 5-19 µg/24 h (13.9-52.6 nmol/24 h) 
Catecholamines 
     Epinephrine, plasma (supine) — less than 75 ng/L (410 pmol/L)
     Norepinephrine, plasma (supine) — 50-440 ng/L (296-2600 pmol/L) 
     Catecholamines, 24-hour, urine — less than 100 µg/m2 per 24 h (591 nmol/m2 per 24 h)
Cortisol, free, urine – less than 50 µg/24 h (138 nmol/24 h) 
Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA), plasma 
     Male — 1.3-5.5 µg/mL (3.5-14.9 µmol/L) 
     Female — 0.6-3.3 µg/mL (1.6-8.9 µmol/L)
Epinephrine, plasma (supine) — less than 75 ng/L (410 pmol/L) 
Estradiol, serum 
     Male — 10-30 pg/mL (37-110 pmol/L); 
     Female — day 1-10, 14-27 pg/mL (50-100 pmol/L); day 11-20, 14-54 pg/mL (50-200 pmol/L); day 21-30, 19-41 pg/mL (70-150 pmol/L)
Follicle-stimulating hormone, serum 
     Male (adult) — 5-15 mU/mL (5-15 units/L)
     Female — follicular or luteal phase, 5-20 mU/mL (5-20 units/L); midcycle peak, 30-50 mU/mL  (30-50 units/L); postmenopausal, greater than 35 mU/mL  (35 units/L)
Growth hormone, plasma — after oral glucose: less than 2 ng/mL (2 µg/L); response to provocative stimuli: greater than 7 ng/mL (7 µg/L)
Luteinizing hormone, serum 
     Male — 3-15 mU/mL (3-15 units/L) 
     Female — follicular or luteal phase, 5-22 mU/mL (5-22 units/L); midcycle peak, 30-250 mU/mL (30-250 units/L); postmenopausal, greater than 30 mU/mL (30 units/L)
Metanephrine, urine — less than 1.2 mg/24 h (6.1 mmol/24 h)
Norepinephrine, plasma (supine) — 50-440 ng/L (296-2600 pmol/L) 
Parathyroid hormone, serum — 10-65 pg/mL (10-65 ng/L)
Progesterone, blood
      Male (adult) — 0.27-0.9 ng/mL (0.9-2.9 nmol/L)
      Female —
follicular phase, 0.33-1.20 ng/mL (1.0-3.8 nmol/L); luteal phase, 0.72-17.8 ng/mL (2.3-56.6 nmol/L); postmenopausal, <0.2-1 ng/mL (0.6-3.18 nmol/L);
oral contraceptives, 0.34-0.92 ng/mL (1.1-2.9 nmol/L)

Prolactin, serum
     Male — less than 15 ng/mL (15 µg/L)
     Female — less than 20 ng/mL (20 µg/L)
Testosterone, serum 
     Male (adult) — 300-1200 ng/dL (10-42 nmol/L)
     Female — 20-75 ng/dL (0.7-2.6 nmol/L)
Thyroid function tests
     Thyroid iodine (131I) uptake — 10%-30% of administered dose at 24 h
     Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) — 0.5-5.0 µU/mL (0.5-5.0 mU/L)
     Thyroxine (T4), serum
          Total — 5-12 µg/dL (64-155 nmol/L)
          Free — 0.9-2.4 ng/dL (12-31 pmol/L)
          Free T4 index — 4-11
Triiodothyronine, free (T3) — 3.6-5.6 ng/L (5.6-8.6
Triiodothyronine, resin (T3) — 25%-35%
Triiodothyronine, serum (T3) — 70-195 ng/dL
(1.1-3.0 nmol/L) 
Vanillylmandelic acid, urine — less than 8 mg/24 h
     (40.4 µmol/24 h)
Vitamin D
     1,25-dihydroxy, serum — 25-65 pg/mL (60-156 pmol/L)
     25-hydroxy, serum — 25-80 ng/mL (62-200 nmol/L)
 

Urine

Albumin-creatinine ratio — less than 30 mg/g 
Calcium — 100-300 mg/24 h (2.5-7.5 mmol/24 h) on unrestricted diet
Creatinine — 15-25 mg/kg per 24 h (133-221 mmol/kg per 24 h)
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
     Normal
          Male — 130 mL/min/1.73 m2
          Female — 120 mL/min/1.73 m2
     Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease 
          Stage 1 — greater than or equal to 90 mL/min/1.73 m2
          Stage 2 — 60-89 mL/min/1.73 m2
          Stage 3 — 30-59 mL/min/1.73 m2
          Stage 4 — 15-29 mL/min/1.73 m2
          Stage 5 — less than 15 mL/min/1.73 m2
5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) — 2-9 mg/24 h (10.4-46.8 µmol/24 h)
Protein–creatinine ratio – less than or equal to 0.2 mg/mg
Sodium — 100-260 meq/24 h (100-260 mmol/24 h)
      (varies with intake)
Uric acid — 250-750 mg/24 h (1.48-4.43 mmol/24 h)
     (varies with diet)

Gastrointestinal

Gastrin, serum — 0-180 pg/mL (0-180 ng/L)
Stool fat — less than 5 g/d on a 100-g fat diet
Stool weight — less than 200 g/d

Pulmonary

Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) — greater than 80% of predicted
Forced vital capacity (FVC) — greater than 80% of predicted
FEV1/FVC — greater than 75% 

Cerebrospinal Fluid

Cell count — 0-5/µL (0-5 x 106/L)
Glucose — 40-80 mg/dL (2.2-4.4 mmol/L); less than 40% of simultaneous plasma concentration is abnormal
Pressure (opening) — 70-200 mm H2O
Protein — 15-60 mg/dL (150-600 mg/L)

Hemodynamic Measurements

Cardiac index — 2.5-4.2 L/min/m2
Left ventricular ejection fraction — greater than 55%
Pressures
     Pulmonary artery
          Systolic — 20-25 mm Hg
          Diastolic — 5-10 mm Hg
          Mean — 9-16 mm Hg
     Pulmonary capillary wedge — 6-12 mm Hg
     Right atrium — mean 0-5 mm Hg
     Right ventricle
          Systolic — 20-25 mm Hg
          Diastolic — 0-5 mm Hg